The burden of fetching drinking water from outdoor sources falls disproportionately on girls and women. A context Analysis of Lyantonde District in June 2013, shows that in almost 91.2% of households without a drinking water source in a distance of less than one kilometer, it is women and girls who collect water. Time taken collecting water is between 30 minutes to 90 minutes which considerably reduces the time women and girls have available for other activities such as childcare, income generation and school attendance.
Education: Girls often have to walk long distances to fetch water in the early morning. After such an arduous chore, they may arrive late and tired at school. Being ‘needed at home’ is a major reason why children, especially girls from poor families, drop out of school. Providing water closer to homes increases girls’ free time and boosts their school attendance.
HIV and AIDS: The absence of clean water and sanitation also increases the risk of opportunistic infections and diarrhea diseases among people living with HIV and AIDS. In Uganda, HIV prevalence rate is estimated to be at 8.3 percent in women and girls. Women and girls are also the caregivers of chronically sick family members. With better access to water and sanitation facilities, the burden on households caring for AIDS-affected members is reduced.
Rape and abuse: Without access to water, many women and girls become victims of physical attack and sexual violence as they travel long distances to collect water. Women and girls move long distance through to and from water sources making them victims of ‘roadside’ attacks, bullying ,rape and attacks from roadside predators like snakes. Join our campaign to end this and lets promote women and children health together. Join us here http://www.indiegogo.com/projects/celebrate-water-with-a-gift-that-overflows